Working Papers

WORKING PAPERS FROM 
THE DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS

THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY

608 Kern Graduate Building
University Park, PA 16802

(Revised October  2001)

Requests for papers should be e-mailed directly to the author by clicking on the linked (highlighted and underlined) name. Please include both working paper number and title.  If you have questions or comments, please send e-mail to the Working Paper Coordinator, Maxine Laslo , or write to us at the address above.

As of 2001, working papers will be made available on-line in Acrobat Symbol PDF format.  Please note that Adobe Acrobat Reader will be needed to view these papers.  The reader can be obtained free from the Adobe Web Site .  For requests of previous years working papers, please contact the author via e-mail or the Working Paper Coordinator.

UNIVERSITY  PARK 

2-05-1
Svetlana Demidova , " Productivity Improvements and Falling Trade Costs: Boon or Bane ?"  Acrobat Symbol February 2005
10-03-1
Susanna Esteban , Eiichi Miyagawa, and Matthew Shum, " Nonlinear Pricing with Self-Control Preferences ," Acrobat Symbol September 2003
9-03-3
Neil Wallace , " Modeling Small Change: A Review Article ," Acrobat Symbol January 2003
9-03-2
R. Vijay Krishna , " Non-robustness of the Cash-in-advance Equilibrium in the Trading-Post Model, " Acrobat Symbol  September 2003
9-03-1
Tatsuyoshi Saijo, Tomas Sjöström , and Takehiko Yamato, " Secure Implementation: Strategy-Proof Mechanisms Reconsidered , " Acrobat Symbol September 2003.
4-03-1
Timothy N. Cason, Tatsuyoshi Saijo, Tomas Sjöström , and Takehiko Yamato, " Secure Implementation Experiments: Do Strategy-proof Mechanisms Really Work? " Acrobat Symbol April 2003
5-02-1
Tao Zhu , " Existence of Monetary Steady States in a Matching Model: Indivisible Money , " Acrobat Symbol May 2002
9-01-1
Laura L. Bivins and Kala Krishna , " Transferability of Migration Licenses and the Distribution of Potential Rents ," Acrobat Symbol September 2001.
7-01-2
Jon P. Nelson , " Alcohol Advertising and Advertising Bans:  A Survey of Research Methods, Results, and Policy Implications ,"   Acrobat Symbol  July 2001.
7-01-1
David Shapiro and B. Oleko Tambashe, " Fertility in the Democratic Republic of Congo ,"  Acrobat Symbol  Revised July 2001.
6-01-1
Jon P. Nelson and Douglas J. Young, " Do Advertising Bans Work?  An International Comparison ," Acrobat Symbol  June 2001.
5-01-1
Eric Maskin and Tomas Sjöström , " Implementation Theory ,"  Acrobat Symbol  May 2001.
3-01-2

Sandeep Baliga and Tomas Sjöström , " Arms Races and Negotiations ,"  Acrobat Symbol  March 2001.  

( *Please note that Figure 1 on the last page does not print out on the pdf file)

3-01-1
Kala Krishna and Cemile Yavas , " Lumpy Consumer Durables, Market Power, and Endogenous Business Cycles ,"  Acrobat Symbol  March 2001.  
1-01-2
Susumu Imai and Kala Krishna , " Employment, Dynamic Deterrence and Crime ," Acrobat Symbol  January 2001.
1-01-1
Jon P. Nelson , " Advertising Bans, Monopoly, and Alcohol Demand: Testing for Substitution Effects Using Panel Data ," Acrobat Symbol  January 2001.
11-00-1
Sanghamitra Das, Mark Roberts and James Tybout , "Micro Foundations of Export Dynamics," November 2000.
9-00-1
Jenny X. Li and Peter Winker," Time Series Simulation With Quasi Monte Carlo Methods," September 2000.
8-00-1
Jon P. Nelson , "'Green' Voting and Ideology: LCV Scores and Roll-Call Voting in the U.S. Senate, 1988-1998," August 2000.
7-00-1
Jon P. Nelson , "Hard At Play!  The Growth of Recreation in Consumer Budgets, 1959-1998," July 2000, forthcoming in Eastern Economic Journal .
6-00-1
Christian Schultz and Tomas Sjöström , "Local Public Goods, Debt and Migration," revised January 1, 2000.
3-00-1
David Shapiro and B. Oleko Tambashe, "Gender, Poverty, Family Structure, and Investments in Children's Education in Kinshasa, Congo," March 2000.
1-00-1
Maitreesh Ghatak, Massimo Morelli and Tomas Sjöström , "Dynamic Incentives, Occupational Choice, and the American Dream," January 2000.
9-99-1
David Shapiro and B. Oleko Tambashe, "Fertility Transition in Urban and rural Areas of Sub-Saharan Africa," September 1999.
8-99-1
Joseph Terza , "A Unified Structure for Cross-Sectional Health Econometric Models with Endogenous Switching," August 1999.
8-99-2
Joseph Terza and Don Kenkel, "The Effect of Physician Advice on Alcohol Consumption: Count Regression with an Endogenous Treatment Effect," August 1999.
8-99-3
Joseph Terza , "Independence in Multinomial Choice Models: The Horowitz Test Revisited," August 1999.
5-99-1
Kalyan Chatterjee and Hamid Sabourian, "N-Person Bargaining and Strategic Complexity," revised March 1999.
4-98-1
Ronald B. Davies and Thomas A. Gresik , "Tax Competition and Foreign Debt," April 1998.
2-98-5
Philip A. Klein , "Recent U.S. Work in Cyclical Indicators: An Assessment," July 1997.
2-98-4
Herman J. Bierens , "Nonparametric Nonlinear Co-Trending Analysis, with an Application to Interest & Inflation in the U.S.," February 1998.
2-98-3
Philip A. Klein , "Rethinking American Participation in Economic Development: An Institutionalist Assessment," February 1998, forthcoming in Journal of Economic Issues , June 1998.
2-98-2
Philip A. Klein and John P. Cullity, "Modern Business Cycles: Premature Death Knell," February 1998, published by Conference Board in Business Cycles Indicators , Vol 3. (3), March 1998.
2-98-1
Herman J. Bierens and Donna K. Ginther, "Integrated Conditional Moment Estimation and Testing of Median Regression Models, With Applications to Wage Equations," February 1998.
12-97-2
Jon P. Nelson , "Personal Bankruptcy and Asset Exemption Laws: A State-Level Panel Study, 1989-1996," November 1997.
12-97-1
Jon P. Nelson, "Broadcast Advertising and U.S. Demand for Alcoholic Beverages: Systemwide Estimates with Quarterly Data," October 1997.
10-97-1
David Shapiro , "Women's Education, Employment, and Fertility in Kinshasa, Congo, 1955-1990: A Descriptive Overview," August 1997.
9-97-9
Thomas A. Gresik and Edward C. Mansley, "The Strategic Effects of Batch Processing," September 1997.
9-97-8
Norman R. Swanson , "Money and Output Viewed Through a Rolling Window," September 1997.
9-97-7
Norman R. Swanson , Eric Ghysels , and Myles Callan, "A Multivariate Time Series Analysis of the Data Revision Process for Industrial Production and the Composite Leading Indicator," September 1997.
9-97-6
Norman R. Swanson and Tian Zeng, "Choosing Among Competing Econometric Forecasts: Regression Based Forecast Combination Using Model Selection," August 1997.
9-97-5
Norman R. Swanson and Philip Hans Franses, "Nonlinear Econometric Modelling: A Selective Review," June 1997.
9-97-4
Tian Zeng and Norman R. Swanson , "Predictive Evaluation of Econometric Forecasting Models in Commodity Futures Markets," May 1997.
9-97-3
John C. Chao and Norman R. Swanson , "Tests of Non-nested Hypotheses in Nonstationary Regressions with an Application to Modeling Industrial Production," May 1997.
9-97-2
Valentina Corradi and Norman R. Swanson , "Choosing Between Levels and Logs in the Presence of Deterministic and Stochastic Trends," May 1997.
9-97-1
Xiaohong Chen and Norman R. Swanson , "Semiparametric ARX Neural Network Models with an Application to Forecasting Inflation," April 1997.
7-97-1
Thomas A. Gresik , "The Impossibility of Ex Post Individually Rational and Efficient Bilateral Bargaining Rules with Statistically Dependent Values," July 1997.
6-97-3
Kala Krishna and Cesar Perez, "Unbalanced Growth," June 1997.
6-97-2
Kala Krishna and Jiandong Ju, "Evaluating Trade Reform Using Ex-Post Criteria," June 1997.
6-97-1
James D. Rodgers , "Estimating the Loss of Social Security Retirement Benefits Due to Reduced Earnings," June 1997.
5-97-1
Eric W. Bond and Thomas A. Gresik , "Information Sharing Between Asymmetrically Informed Principals," May 1997.
3-97-1
Michael R. Baye , Dan Kovenock, and Casper G. deVries, "The Incidence of Overdissipation in Rent-Seeking Contests," January 1997.
3-97-2
Michael R. Baye and John Morgan, "Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for Existence and Uniqueness of Bertrand's Paradox," December 1997.
2-97-1
David Shapiro and B. Oleko Tambashe, "Ethnicity, Education, and Fertility in Kinshasa, Congo," February 1997, revised and retitled October 1997.
1-97-1
Bee-Yan Aw , "Firm-level Evidence on the Export-Productivity Growth Link," January 1997.
12-96-12
Bee-Yan Aw and Mark J. Roberts , "Micro Patterns of Productivity Growth in Taiwanese Manufacturing," December 1996.
12-96-11
Irwin Feller , "Social Contracts and Institutional Support of Academic Research," May 1996.
12-96-10
Mark J. Roberts and James R. Tybout, "The Decision to Export: An Empirical Model of Entry with Sunk Costs," renumbered (was 4-93-3), retitled and rewritten, July 1996.
12-96-9
Mark J. Roberts and James R. Tybout, "What Makes Exports Boom," October 1, 1996.
12-96-8
Mark J. Roberts and James R. Tybout, "Producer Turnover and Productivity Growth in Developing Countries," September 1996.
12-96-7
Mark J. Roberts and Dylan Supina, "The Magnitude and Persistence of Output Price Dispersion for U.S. Manufactured Products," March 1996.
12-96-6
N. Edward Coulson and Myeong-Soo Kim, "A Parametric Estimate of the User Cost Model and the Capitalization of Property taxes," November 1996.
12-96-5
N. Edward Coulson , "Sectoral Sources of Metropolitan Growth," September 1996.
12-96-4
N. Edward Coulson , "Housing Inventory and Completion," May 1996.
12-96-3
Irwin Feller and Jon P. Nelson , "The Microeconomics of Manufacturing Extension Programs," November 1996.
12-96-2
Jon P. Nelson and Irwin Feller , "Estimating the Spillover Benefits of Industrial Extension Programs," August 1996, forthcoming in the Report of the Workshop on Manufacturing Modernization .
12-96-1
Jon P. Nelson , William D. Anderson, and David L. Passmore, "Economics Development and Air Pollution Abatement: A State-Level Policy Simulation of the 1990 Clean Air Act," revised, retitled, and renumbered (formerly 9-93-2) April 1996, forthcoming in Journal of Environment and Development , March 1997.
10-96-1
Robert C. Marshall , "Pattern Bargaining," October 1996.
8-96-1
Kala Krishna , Marie Thursby, and Suddhasatwa Roy, "Implementing Market Access," May 1996.
7-96-1
Kala Krishna , and John Morgan, "Implementing Results-Oriented Trade Policies: The Case of the US-Japanese Auto Parts Dispute," May 1996.
4-96-7
Norman R. Swanson , "Forecasting Using First Available Versus Fully Revised Economic Time Series Data," December 1995.
4-96-6
Valentina Corradi, Norman R. Swanson , and Halbert White, "Testing for Stationarity-Ergodicity and for Comovements Between Nonlinear Discrete Time Markov Processes," December 1995.
4-96-5
Norman R. Swanson and Tian Zeng, "Addressing Collinearity Among Competing Econometric Forecasts: Regression Based Forecast Combination Using Model Selection," April 1996.
4-96-4
Norman R. Swanson , Ataman Ozyildirim, and Maria Pisu, "A Comparison of Alternative Causality and Predictive Accuracy Tests in the Presence of Integrated and Co-integrated Economic Variables," March 1996.
4-96-3
Clive W. J. Granger and Norman R. Swanson , "An Introduction to Stochastic Unit Root Processes," February 1994, revised September 1995.
4-96-2
Norman R. Swanson and Halbert White, "Forecasting Economic Time Series Using Adaptive Versus Nonadaptive and Linear Versus Nonlinear Econometric Models," September 1995.
4-96-1
James D. Rodgers , "Problems with Relational Loss Valuation," April 1996, forthcoming in Thomas Ireland and Jack Word, eds., The New Hedonics Primer for Economists and Attorneys.
2-96-2
Kala Krishna and Ling Hui Tan, "Transferable Licenses vs. Nontransferable Licenses: What is the Difference," February 1996.
2-96-1
Jiandong Ju and Kala Krishna , "Market Access and Welfare Effects of Free Trade Areas without Rules of Origin," February 1996, replaces 11-95-3.
1-96-4
David C. Ribar and Mark O. Wilhelm , "Altruistic and Joy-of-Giving Motivations in Charitable Behavior," April 1996.
1-96-3
Jean-Pierre Benoit and Vijay Krishna , "The Fold Theorems for Repeated Games: A Synthesis." January 1996.
1-96-2
Irwin Feller , "Technology Transfer from Universities." Forthcoming in Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Practice .
1-96-1
Kala Krishna and Marie Thursby, "Whither Flat Planel Displays?" January 1996.
11-95-16
David Shapiro and B. Oleko Tambashe, "Gender, Poverty, and School Enrollment in Kinshasa, Zaire," November 1995, revised July 1996.
11-95-15
James D. Rodgers and Robert J. Thornton, "Making Operational the Concept of 'Maintenance Consumption'," November 1995.
11-95-14
Philip A. Klein , "Recent Work in Cyclical Indicators: An Assessment," November 1995.
11-95-13
Eric W. Bond and Thomas A. Gresik , "Competition Between Asymmetrically Informed Principals," November 1995.
11-95-12
Mark O. Wilhelm , "Derivations for: Inheritance, Steady-State Consumption Inequality, and the Lifetime Earnings Process," February 1995.
11-95-11
Jan S. Prybyla , "The German Cure for Trabies and Lesser Ills," October 1995.
11-95-9
Barry Ickes , Randi Ryterman, and Stoyan Tenev, "On Your Marx, Get Set, Go: The Role of Competition in Enterprise Adjustment," November 1995.
11-95-8
Barry Ickes , and Randi Ryterman, "The Organization of Markets and its Role in Macroeconomic Stabilization During Transition," October 1995.
11-95-7
Victor E. Li , "Unemployment, Incomplete Risk Sharing, and the Business Cycle," September 1995.
11-95-6
Victor E. Li , "Household Credit and the Monetary Transmission Mechanism," June 1995.
11-95-5
Irwin Feller , "The Changing Academic Research Market," November 1995.
11-95-4
Jon P. Nelson , "Economic and Demographic Factors in U.S. Alcohol Demand: A Growth-Accounting Analysis," June 1995, revised March 1996, published in Empirical Economics , March 1997.
11-95-2
Joseph V. Terza and Wei-Der Tsai, "An Alternative Specification for the Probit Model with Incidental Truncation: Dealing with Boundary Values of the Correlation Coefficient," November 1995, revised and retitled November 1996.
11-95-1
Thomas A. Gresik and Edward C. Mansley, "The Strategic Effects of Batch Processing under Constant Returns to Batch Size," October 1995.
9-95-2
Kerry Anne McGeary and Joseph V. Terza , "Flexible-Form Nonnegative Switching Regressions: Two-Stage Method of Moments Estimation," August 1995, revised and retitled June 1996.
9-95-1
Joseph V. Terza and Cheryl A Neslusan, "GMM vs. Two-Stage Estimation of Exponential Regressions with Polychotomous Endogenous Treatment Effects," August 1995, revised and retitled March 1996, revised and retitled November 1996.
7-95-4
Stephen Matthews, David Ribar , and Mark Wilhelm , "The Effects of Economic Conditions and Access to Reproductive Health Services on State Abortion Birth Rates." March 1995, revised July 1995 and replaces 4-95-15.
7-95-3
Laura H. Baldwin, Robert C. Marshall , and Jean-Francois Richard, "Bidder Collusion at Forest Service Timber Sales," March 1993, revised October 1994 and April 1995.
7-95-2
Robert C. Marshall and Michael J. Meurer, "Should Bid Rigging Always be An Antitrust Violation," June 1995.
7-95-1
Kerry Anne McGeary, Donald S. Kenkel, and Joseph V. Terza , "The Effect of Preventive Care on the Demand for Health Services in a Developing Country," May 1995.
6-95-1
David C. Ribar , "The Effects of Teenage Fertility on Young Adult Childbearing," June 1995.
5-95-1
Jan S. Prybyla , "China's Economic Reforms: A Synoptic View," May 1995.
4-95-17
Diane Lim Rogers and John H. Rogers , "Political Competition, Fiscal Illusion, and U.S. State Government Size: Do Tighter Elections Produce Tighter Budgets?" April 1995.
4-95-16
Charles Engel and John H. Rogers , "How Wide is the Border?" April 1995.
4-95-14
Joseph V. Terza , "Estimating Count Data Models with Endogenous Switching: Sample Selection and Endogenous Treatment Effects," April 1995, revised and retitled February 1996, Journal of Econometrics, 84, (1998), 129-154 .
4-95-13
C.W.J. Granger and Norman R. Swanson , "Further Developments in the Study of Cointegrated Variables," April 1995.
4-95-12
Norman R. Swanson and Halbert White, "A Model Selection Approach to Real-Time Macroeconomic Forecasting Using Linear Models and Artificial Neural Networks," April 1995.
4-95-11
Carol Scotese and Ping Wang , "Dynamic Effects of Financial Intermediation Over the Business Cycle," April 1995.
4-95-10
Derek Laing , Theodore Palivos, and Ping Wang , "Human Capital Vintages and Involuntary Unemployment in a Endogenous Growth Model," April 1995.
4-95-7
Vijay Krishna and Tomas Sjöström, "On the Convergence of Fictitious Play," April 1995.
4-95-6
Vijay Krishna and Robert W. Rosenthal, "Simultaneous Auctions with Synergies," April 1995.
4-95-5
Irwin Feller , "Manufacturing Technology Centers as Components of Regional Technology Infrastructures," April 1995, forthcoming in Regional Sciences and Urban Economics .
4-95-2
Donald S. Kenkel and Joseph V. Terza , "A Censored Probit Model of the Demand for Preventive Medical Care," April 1995.
4-95-1
N. Edward Coulson , Joseph V. Terza , Cheryl A. Neslusan, and Bruce Stuart, "Estimating the Moral Hazard Effect of Supplemental Medical Insurance in the Demand for Prescription Drugs by the Elderly," April 1995, American Economic Review--Papers and Proceedings , 85, 1995, 122- 126.
3-95-4
David Shapiro , Gacheke Simons, and B. Oleko Tambashe, "Extended- Family Solidarity: Interhousehold Resource Transfers for Children's Schooling and Child Fostering in Kinshasa," March 1995.
3-95-3
Norman R. Swanson , "Do Formulations of the Permanent Income Hypothesis with Constant Real Interest and Subjective Time Preference Rates Make Sense? An Example of a Random Walk with Time Varying Drift," March 1995.
3-95-2
Norman R. Swanson , "LM Tests and Nonlinear Error Correction in Economic Time Series," March 1995.
3-95-1
Norman R. Swanson , "A Rolling Window Analysis of the Marginal Predictive Content of Money for Real Output," March 1995.
1-95-3
Jan S. Prybyla , "Modernization and Modernity in the Process of Economic Growth and Development," January 1995.
1-95-2
Derek Laing , Theodore Palivos, and Ping Wang , "Vertical Innovation, Product Cycles and Endogenous Growth in Search Equilibrium," January 1995.
1-95-1
Hesham M. Abdel-Rahman and Ping Wang , "Social Welfare and Income Inequality in a System of Cities," January 1995.
11-94-26
Bee Yan Aw , Geeta Batra, and Mark J. Roberts , "An Empirical Test of Price Discrimination Between Export and Domestic Markets," November 1994, revised December 1996.
11-94-25
Bee Yan Aw and Geeta Batra, "Technological Capability and Firm Efficiency," November 1994, retitled December 1994, revised November 1996.
11-94-24
Philip A. Klein , "Ayres on Institutions--A Reconsideration," November 1994.
11-94-23
Keith J. Crocker and Neil Doherty, "Why People Buy Liability Insurance Under the Rule of Simple Negligence," November 1994.
11-94-22
Philip A. Klein , "Is Postmodern Institutionalism the Wave of the Future? A Reply to Hoksbergen," November 1994.
11-94-21
Philip A. Klein , "Instrumental Valuation in a Democratic Society," November 1994.
11-94-20
Philip A. Klein , "Developing Indicators for Forecasting in the Steel Industry," November 1994.
11-94-19
Philip A. Klein and Edythe S. Miller, "Concepts of Value, Efficiency, and Democracy in Institutional Economics," November 1994.
11-94-18
Philip A. Klein , "The Theoretical Basis of Cyclical Indicators," November 1994.
11-94-16
John Riew , "On Eisner-Pieper's New View of Budget Deficits," November 1994.
11-94-15
Jon P. Nelson and John R. Moran, "Advertising and U.S. Alcoholic Beverage Demand: A Systems-Wide Approach," November 1994, published in Applied Economics, December 1995.
11-94-14
Joyce A. Mlakar, "Regional Variation in U.S. Self-Employment," November 1994.
11-94-13
James D. Rodgers , "What is Optimal Compensation for Personal Injuries and Death?" November 1994.
11-94-12
Victor E. Li , "Credit Accessibility, Inflation, and Unemployment," November 1994.
11-94-11
Victor E. Li , "Credit Shocks, the Inflation Tax, and Real Business Cycles," November 1994.
11-94-10
Irwin Feller and Duncan MacRae, Jr., "The Structure of and Prospects for Policy Research as Suggested by Journal Citation Analysis," November 1994.
11-94-9
Irwin Feller , Amy Glasmeier, and Melvin Mark, "Evaluating Manufacturing Modernization Programs," November 1994.
11-94-7
Jan S. Prybyla , "China Euphoria Alert: The Case of the Peripatetic Capital," November 1994.
11-94-6
Carol A. Scotese and Ping Wang , "Can Government Enforcement Permanently Alter Fertility? The Case of China," November 1994, forthcoming in Economic Inquiry.
11-94-5
Hersham M. Abdel-Rahman and Ping Wang , "Toward a General- Equilibrium Theory of a Core-Periphery System of Cities," November 1994, forthcoming in Regional Science and Urban Economics .
11-94-4
Theodore Palivos, Ping Wang , and Jianbo Zhang, "On the Existence of Balanced Growth Equilibrium," November 1994.
11-94-3
Vijay Krishna and Tomas Sjöström, "Learning in Games: Fictitious Play Dynamics," November 1994.
11-94-2
Vijay Krishna and John Morgan, "An Analysis of the War of Attrition and the All-Pay Auction," November 1994.
10-94-1
Mark O. Wilhelm , "Inheritance, Steady-State Consumption Inequality, and the Lifetime Earnings Process," October 1994, revised and renamed November 1995.
9-94-2
David Shapiro , "Fertility Decline in Kinshasa," September 1994, revised June 1995, Population Studies, March 1996:89-103.
9-94-1
Norman R. Swanson and C. W. J. Granger, "Impulse Response Functions Based on a Causal Approach to Residual Orthogonalization in Vector Autoregressions," September 1994, revised February 1996.
8-94-2
Barry W. Ickes, "Stabilization and Privatization in Russia: An Attempt at Perspective," August 1994.
8-94-1
Deborah Anderson and David Shapiro , "Racial Differences in Access to High-Paying Jobs and the Wage Gap Among Women," revised and retitled, June 1995, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, January 1996: 273-286.
7-94-2
John H. Cochrane and Barry W. Ickes , "Macroeconomics in Russia," July 1994, in Edward Lazear, ed., Lesson of Economic Reform in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union, Hoover Institution Press, 1995.
7-94-1
Constantinos Syropoulos , Elias Dinopoulos, and Mordechai E. Kreinin, "Bilateral Trade Wars," July 1994.
6-94-1
Thomas A. Gresik , "Incentive-Efficient Equilibria of Two-Party Sealed- Bid Bargaining Games," June 1994, forthcoming in Journal of Economic Theory .
5-94-1
B. Oleko Tambashe and David Shapiro , "Family Background and Early Life Course Transitions in Kinshasa," May 1994, revised April 1995, Journal of Marriage and the Family , November 1996:1029-1037.
4-94-1
David C. Ribar , "The Socioeconomic Consequences of Young Women's Childbearing: Reconciling Disparate Evidence," November 1994.
3-94-14
David Shapiro and Sharon Shapiro, "Rural Employment and Rural- Urban Differences in Employment in Zaire: A Comparative Perspective," March 1994, Review of Black Political Economy, Fall 1994:57-70.
3-94-13
John Riew , "Land Values, Speculation, and Land Tax Policy: With Focus on Developing Countries," March 1994, replaces 2-92-1.
3-94-12
John Riew , "Taiwan's Tax Designs and Household Saving," March 1994.
3-94-11
Bee-Yan Aw and Geeta Batra, "Firm Size and the Pattern of Diversification," March 1994, revised and retitled October 1996, International Journal of Industrial Organization .
3-94-10
Diane Lim Rogers and John H. Rogers , "Causal Relationships Between Taxes and Spending and Their Influence on Government Size: Evidence From State- Level Data," March 1994.
3-94-9
Thomas A. Gresik , "Coordinating Trade and Tax Policies Towards Multinationals," March 1994.
3-94-8
Bee-Yan Aw and Geeta Batra, "Wages, Firm-Size and Wage Inequalities: How Much Do Exports Matter?," March 1994, revised and retitled May 1996.
3-94-7
Mark J. Roberts, "Employment Flows and Producer Turnover in Three Developing Countries," in Industrial Evolution in Developing Countries: Micro Patterns of Turnover, Productivity, and Market Structure, M. Roberts and J. Tybout (eds), Oxford University Press.
3-94-6
Maureen Lage and Raymond Lombra , "The Linkage Between the Predictive Power of the Term Structure and the Degree of Federal Reserve Interest Rate Smoothing," March 1994.
3-94-5
Laurence Kranich , "Equitable Opportunities: An Axiomatic Approach," March 1994, revised and renumbered.
3-94-3
David Shapiro and B. Oleko Tambashe, "Poverty, Women's Schooling, and Economic Activity in Kinshasa," March 1994.
3-94-2
Shaghil Ahmed , and Byung Sam Yoo, "Fiscal Trends in Real Economic Aggregates," revised March 1994, replaces 10-93-13, forthcoming in Journal of Money Credit and Banking .
3-94-1
Shaghil Ahmed , "Money and Output: The Relative Importance of Aggregate Supply and Aggregate Demand Disturbances," March 1994, replaces 10-93-14.
2-94-1
Linda S. Goldberg, Barry W. Ickes , and Randi Ryterman, "Departures from the Ruble Zone: The Implications of Adopting Independent Currencies," February 1994, forthcoming in The World Economy , vol. 17,3.
1-94-9
Kala Krishna and Anne Krueger, "Implementing Free Trade Areas: Rules of Origin and Hidden Protection," January 1994.
1-94-8
Bruce Stuart and N. Edward Coulson , "Insurance Choice and the Demand for Prescription Drugs," January 1994, forthcoming in Southern Economics Journal.
1-94-7
John H. Rogers , "Real Shocks and Real Exchange Rates in Really Long-Term Data," January 1994.
1-94-6
John H. Rogers and Ping Wang , "Real Exchange Rate Movements in High Inflation Countries," January 1994, revised November 1994.
1-94-5
Jon P. Nelson , "Price Formation in a Repeated Multi-Unit English Auction: Does Buyer Size Matter?" published in Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, December 1995.
1-94-4
Keith J. Crocke r and Scott E. Masten, "Regulation and Administered Contracts Revisited: Lessons from Transaction-Cost Economics for Public Utility Regulation," January 1994, published in Journal of Regulatory Economics , January 1996.
1-94-3
David Shapiro and B. Oleko Tambashe, "Education, Employment, and Fertility in Kinshasa and Prospects for Changes in Reproductive Behavior," January 1994, replaces 4-92-2, revised September 1995, forthcoming, Population Research and Policy Review .
1-94-2
Jan S. Prybyla , "Chinese Puzzle," January 1994.
1-94-1
David C. Ribar and Mark O. Wilhelm , "The Effects of Costs, Resources, Interstate and Interprogram Competition, and Redistributional Preferences on AFDC Expenditures," January 1994.

COMMONWEALTH  EDUCATIONAL  SYSTEM

1-97-1-CES
Stuart Glosser and Lonnie Golden , "Worktime and Numerical Flexibility in U.S. Manufacturing: The Emerging Dynamic Relationships and Its Likely Causes," 1996. Request this paper from the author at: Delaware Campus, 25 Yearsley Mill Road, Media, PA 19063.
1-97-2-CES

Lonnie Golden , "The End of Hours Standards and Standard Hours as We Know It? Working Time and Flexibility, Without Dimishing the Fair Labor Standards Act Regulation of Overtime Hours," 1996. Request this paper from the author at: Same as above.

5-96-1-CES

Richard C. Harmstone and John F. Patackas, Jr., "Unearthing a Possible Root Cause of Soviet Economic Disintegration," May 1996. Request this paper from the author at: Scranton Campus, 120 Ridge View Drive, Dunmore, PA 18512.
5-96-1-CES
John Baffoe-Bonnie , "The Impact of Personal Income Taxation on the Labor Supply of Part-Time and Full-Time Workers," May 1996. Request this paper from the author at: Delaware County Campus, 25 Yearsley Mill Road, Media, PA 19063-5596.
11-95-3-CES
John Baffoe-Bonnie , "The Dynamic Impact of Macroeconomic Aggregates on Housing Prices and Stock of Houses: A National and Regional Analysis," November 1995. Request this paper from the author at: Same as above.
11-95-2-CES
John Baffoe-Bonnie , "Labor Supply, Income Taxation, and Dual Labor Market," November 1995. Request this paper from the author at: Same as above.
11-95-1-CES
Chidem Kurdas, "The Effect of Technical Change on Breast Cancer Treatment Costs," November 1995. Request this paper from the author at: York Campus, 1031 Edgecomb Avenue, York, PA 17403.
4-95-5-CES
Mark D. Agee and Thomas D. Crocker, "Parents' Discount Rates for Child Quality," April 1995. Request this paper from the author at: Altoona Campus, Box 1, RD 4, Altoona, PA 16603.
4-95-4-CES
Mark D. Agee and Thomas D. Crocker, "Welfare Effects of Child Lead Exposure: Inferences from the Demand for Chelatin Therapy," April 1995. Request this paper from the author at: Same as above.
4-95-3-CES
Mark D. Agee and Kenneth C. Fah, "Social Discount Rates from Stratospheric Ozone Control," April 1995. Request this paper from the author at: Same as above.
4-95-2-CES
John Baffoe-Bonnie and Samuel Noi Ashong, "The Effect of Government Policies on Agricultural Prices and Output in a Developing Country," April 1995. Request this paper from the author at: Delaware County Campus, 25 Yearsley Mill Road, Media, PA 19063-5596.
4-95-1-CES
John Baffoe-Bonnie and Mohammed Khayum, "Economic Development, Life-Cycle Consumption, and Planning Horizons," April 1995. Request this paper from the author at: Same as above.
11-94-4-CES
Lonnie Golden , "The Expansion of Temporary Help Employment in the U.S., 1982-1992: An Empirical Test of Alternative Models," November 1994, retitled 1996, Applied Economics , vol. 28, no. 9, 1996, 1127-42. Request this paper from the author at: Delaware County Campus, 25 Yearsley Mill Road, Media, PA 19063.
11-94-3-CES
Stuart Glosser and Lonnie Golden , "Average Work Hours as a Leading Economic Variable in U.S. Manufacturing Industries," November 1994, retitled October 1996, forthcoming in International Journal of Forecasting , 1997. Request this paper from the author at: Same as above.
11-94-2-CES
Lonnie Golden , "The Economics of Work Time Length, Adjustment and Flexibility: Contributions of Three Competing Paradigms," November 1994, retitled 1996, Review of Social Economy , Spring 1996, 1-44. Request this paper from the author at: Same as above.
11-94-1-CES
Elizabeth T. Hill , "Post-School-Age Training Among Women: A Comparison of Formal Education, On-the-Job and Other Training," November 1994, revised November 1995. Request this paper from the author at: Mont Alto Campus Campus Drive Mont Alto, PA 17237-9703.